not-os

rootfs

$ nix-build -A rootfs
/nix/store/qxzg4dkjnp6n6j2lj0b2byv96p3n5d5v-squashfs.img

The rootfs derivation, defined as config.system.build.squashfs, creates a squashfs image. It contains the closures of toplevel and a registration file.

The rootfs is also available as an ext4 image.

To explore the result, we can extract the content of the rootfs in a temporary directory as follow:

$ mkdir tmp ; cd tmp
$ unsquashfs $(readlink -fn ../result)
$ find -maxdepth 2
.
./squashfs-root
./squashfs-root/5f18ah2yzyf4mmnn8jqqb7aws91rw55v-ssh_host_rsa_key.pub
./squashfs-root/wqfpawgsigwnz2bk1ygkfya7802jxl9c-iputils-20180629
./squashfs-root/p54mjqlrngzzyb2892489b4hffgz03g2-aws-sdk-cpp-1.5.17
./squashfs-root/jaiq6xgyhhl84826lrsxbgdy5sm9n8wx-nixos.conf
...

The derivation is defined as a call to nixpkgs/nixos/lib/make-squashfs.nix, passing toplevel as argument. The closure is constructed by nixpkgs/build-support/closure-info.nix.

A call to nix-store --load-db with the registration file found in the rootfs is done in a runit script. I wonder if it could be done directly when the rootfs is mounted.